The initial symptoms of measles are having a fever, coughing, painful throat, eyes that are red and excess mucus from the nose area. Approximately 3 days after these initial symptoms, white spots form inside the mouth and a skin rash develops, relates the Mayo Clinic. The rash has the appearance of red spots that begin to cover the face first.
After 2 to 3 days the rash travels down the body to cover the arms, trunk and lower extremities, reports the Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Although the initial red spot may be flat, elevated bumps may also appear at this stage. Similarly, a fever, which may be as high as 104 degrees Fahrenheit, may accompany the rash. It can take a few days for the rash to resolve.
Measles is an infection that often develops in children. A virus causes measles. The incubation period for measles is between 7 to 14 days after exposure to the virus. In this incubation period, there are no noticeable symptoms. The symptoms begin to appear slowly after this period.
This disease is very contagious and may be transmitted through direct contact with bodily fluid secreted from the mouth or nose, a cough or a sneeze. A person with this disease can transmit it to others during a time period of approximately 8 days, which are 4 day before the rash manifests and 4 days after its appearance, according to the Mayo Clinic.