Signs and symptoms of hypertension include high blood pressure readings and, in extreme cases, irregular heartbeats, headache, chest pain, shortness of breath, vision problems, blood in the urine, confusion and pounding in the neck, ears or chest, notes WebMD. Most people with hypertension don't experience obvious symptoms, states Mayo Clinic.
Hypertension is a disorder whereby blood pressure remains higher than normal. Symptoms such as headaches and nosebleeds may appear when the pressure reaches a high level, but these symptoms are seldom specific, states Mayo Clinic. Hypertension is most often diagnosed from blood pressure readings. Blood pressure is considered high if the readings show a systolic pressure of higher than 140 mmHg or a diastolic pressure higher than 100 mmHg.
Although hypertension may be nearly symptomless, it can have severe effects on the body while it goes unnoticed over time. That is why regular blood pressure checks are essential to control its effects early enough, states WebMD.
Common risk factors for hypertension include smoking, obesity, old age, stress, chronic kidney disease, alcohol consumption, thyroid disorders and a family history of high blood pressure. This condition is life threatening because it makes the heart work harder than normal in pumping blood to various body parts. The result of uncontrolled hypertension is the development of other health conditions such as stroke, atherosclerosis, heart failure and kidney disease, explains WebMD.