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What are the signs and symptoms of gout?

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Quick Answer

Searing joint pain with redness and tenderness in the affected area, limited joint mobility and pain that lingers after an acute flare are signs and symptoms of gout, according to Mayo Clinic. Symptoms develop rapidly, often in the middle of the night, and may be severe.

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Full Answer

Gout is a form of arthritis caused by a build up of uric acid in the body, explains WebMD. The uric acid can crystallize and settle in the joints. Attacks often occur in the big toe, but can affect any joint. They may take several days to several weeks to resolve and may be recurrent.

Overeating large amounts of red meat, organ meats and some seafood and fish can trigger a gout flare, notes eMedicineHealth. Trauma, starvation and dehydration, chemotherapy and some medications can also trigger an episode.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as ibuprofen and naproxen, help relieve pain and inflammation, according to eMedicineHealth. Corticosteroids may be given orally or injected into the joint to treat the inflammation, swelling and pain. They are initially given in high dosages and tapered down slowly over one to two weeks to prevent side effects. Other medications can prevent the body from making large amounts of uric acid.

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