Possible signs and symptoms of eyelid cancer include changes in the eyelid skin’s appearance, swelling, thickening and chronic infection, according to Cancer.Net. Broken eyelid skin that doesn’t heal and a discolored mass that continues to spread are also likely signs.
The signs and symptoms of eyelid cancer do not always indicate the presence of cancer because they sometimes occur due to a benign medical condition. Accordingly, it is essential for a person to consult a health care professional when experiencing eyelid cancer symptoms, as Cancer.Net recommends. In some cases, patients with eyelid cancer do not experience any of the mentioned symptoms.
Basal cell carcinoma is the most common eyelid cancer, and it affects the basal cells found in the outer skin layer, or epidermis, according to Cancer.Net. It occurs due to sun exposure and typically appears in the lower lid. People with fair skin often suffer from this type of cancer.
Sebaceous carcinoma, the second most common type of eyelid cancer, originates from the eyelid glands, or meibomian glands, according to Cancer.Net. It sometimes arises from the sebaceous glands located at the bottom of the eyelashes. Radiation exposure, Muir-Torre syndrome and Bowen’s disease are some of the causes of sebaceous carcinoma.
Melanoma is the most serious type of skin cancer, and it can also develop on or around the eyelids, according to Cancer.Net. It originates from melanocytes, which are the cells responsible for producing the melanin that gives color to the skin.