Abdominal adhesions rarely exhibit symptoms; however, the adhesions may lead to partial intestinal blockage and intestinal strangulation, causing nausea, vomiting, and crampy or constant stomach pain, according to Drugs.com. An intestinal obstruction that results from abdominal adhesions may also cause gas, abdominal distension, and fewer or no bowel movements.
Signs and symptoms of dehydration, such as dry tongue, dry mouth, extreme thirst, dry skin and decreased urine output, may signal that a person has abdominal adhesions, explains Drugs.com. Other signs of dehydration that occur as a result of the problem include hypotension and a fast pulse rate. A person with such symptoms should seek immediate medical attention.
Abdominal surgery is the most common cause of abdominal adhesions, reports Drugs.com. Endometriosis and peritonitis, an infection of the membrane covering abdominal organs, may cause the problem as well. A physical examination helps diagnose the condition. A pelvic exam can help provide a diagnosis in a woman. The doctor may also perform blood tests as well as chest and abdominal X-rays to determine the exact cause of the condition.
Treatment involves taking intravenous fluids in the hospital and undergoing surgery to remove the adhesions, notes Drugs.com. Immediate abdominal surgery is necessary for a person with intestinal strangulation to improve circulation of blood in the bowel.