Signs of pneumonia in children and adults include cough, fever, shortness of breath, fatigue and painful breathing, however, infants with the illness may not show any symptoms at all, states Mayo Clinic. The pain during breathing tends to concentrate in the chest and also occurs during coughing, which may produce phlegm. If pneumonia is suspected, particularly if showing any of these symptoms coupled with a fever of 102 or higher, a visit to the doctor is recommended.Continue Reading
Pneumonia is an infection that causes inflammation of the air sacs inside the lungs, explains Mayo Clinic. Certain types of fungi, viruses and bacteria cause pneumonia, and the very young, the elderly and individuals with weakened immune systems are at highest risk. Viral pneumonia may be caused by the same viruses that cause colds and flu, and it is usually relatively mild. Fungal pneumonia is most common in people with weakened immune systems, although it also develops in healthy people who inhale large amounts of fungal spores.
Treatment for pneumonia depends on the cause, states Mayo Clinic. Doctors typically advise patients to get plenty of rest and drink lots of water. Fever reducers and cough medicines can also help minimize symptoms. Antibiotics are only useful for curing bacterial pneumonia. Severe cases of pneumonia require a stay in the hospital. Children younger than 2 months and adults over 65 may require hospitalization even with less severe symptoms.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases