The signs of lupus in women include a characteristic butterfly facial rash, fatigue, low-grade fever, muscle aches and hair loss, as well as arthritis, loss of appetite and photosensitivity. Lupus is an autoimmune disease and has symptoms that range from mild to severe, according to MedicineNet.com.
Lupus has multiple types, which are classified by the body systems that are affected. Cutaneous lupus erythematosus affects only the skin. Discoid lupus occurs in patients with chronic cutaneous lupus and causes a round, red, scaly rash on the cheeks, ears and nose, reports Healthline. The rash does not cause itching, but it can result in permanent skin discoloration and hair loss. Subacute cutaneous lupus creates ring-shaped rashes in areas exposed to sunlight, such as the arms, neck, chest and trunk. Neonatal lupus affects pregnant women and causes the child to be born with a rash and liver problems.
Systemic lupus erythematosus affects the internal organ systems. It can reduce white blood cell, platelet and red blood cell counts and cause pleuritis, which is an inflammation of the membrane surrounding the lungs, and pericarditis, which is an inflammation of the membrane surrounding the heart, states MedicineNet.com. The disease can also result in poor circulation in the hands and feet in reaction to cold exposure, which is known as Raynaud's phenomenon, and create kidney inflammation, known as lupus nephritis.