Signs of a tailbone injury include pain in the lower back, pain at the top of the buttocks, pain or numbness when sitting or bruising and swelling around the base of the spine, according to MedlinePlus. It is very rare to break the tailbone.
A tailbone injury is painful and slow to completely heal, explains MedlinePlus. The healing time for a tailbone injury depends on the type of injury, and if the tailbone has a fracture, the healing process can take up to 12 weeks. If the injury is a bruise, it takes about four weeks to completely heal. In rare situations where symptoms do not improve, a doctor may consider a steroid injection. In injuries that do not heal after six months, surgery might be necessary.
Treatment for a tailbone injury focuses on pain relief and rest, states MedlinePlus. The more rest the person gets, the faster the injury heals. Icing the tailbone for about 20 minutes each hour for the first 48 hours is also recommended. Following the first 48 hours, ice the tailbone two to three times a day. Using a gel donut or cushion can help with comfort, and medications such as naproxen or ibuprofen can alleviate pain.