Problems with fertility and pelvic inflammatory disease can indicate blocked fallopian tubes, according to ConceiveEasy. Since infertility and PID can affect women with or without blocked tubes, and since there are no other outward symptoms of blockage, many women trying to conceive are unaware that they have the condition.Continue Reading
Twenty percent of cases of infertility have fallopian tube blockage as the cause, states ConceiveEasy. Tubal blockage prevents the sperm and egg from meeting, which then prevents fertilization. To diagnose the condition, doctors can perform laparoscopic surgery or conduct a hysterosalpingogram. A hysterosalpingogram is an X-ray of the uterus and fallopian tubes, according to WebMD, and is a common procedure for women having trouble conceiving.
Damage to fallopian tubes can be caused by pelvic inflammatory disease that arises from sexually transmitted diseases, such as chlamydia or gonorrhea, notes Mayo Clinic. Previous surgery in the abdomen or pelvis, a previous ectopic pregnancy, and pelvic tuberculosis can also cause the disorder.
The traditional treatment for fallopian tube blockage is tubal surgery, explains ConceiveEasy. This surgery is invasive and can cause serious side effects, including ectopic pregnancy. In vitro fertilization is the less invasive and more common option for women as of December 2015, as it is safe, effective and comes without the risk of ectopic pregnancy.Learn more about Reproductive Anatomy