The most common side effects of parathyroidectomy include symptoms related to low calcium, which is usually temporary, and typical post-surgical discomfort, according to the University of Colorado School of Medicine. Post-surgical discomfort includes trouble swallowing, sore throat, pain and constipation.
Tingling hands and feet and facial numbness can indicate a low calcium level after a parathyroidectomy, explains the University of Colorado School of Medicine. Most patients improve by taking high dosages of calcium supplements. Doctors usually recommend several doses of calcium citrate or calcium carbonate every day for several weeks.
Other side effects of a parathyroidectomy include tiredness and a low-grade temperature, reports the University of Colorado School of Medicine. Patients should call their doctor if they run a temperature of 101 degrees or higher.
Parathyroidectomy patients also experience post-surgical sore throat and sometimes trouble swallowing, according to the University of Colorado School of Medicine. Sore throat pain ranges from mild to moderate, and both side effects get better over time. Mild bruising and swelling may also occur on the upper chest and neck.
Some patients report constipation following a parathyroidectomy, which may be a side effect of pain medication, notes the University of Colorado School of Medicine. Doctors recommend that patients who experience constipation take a laxative in conjunction with their pain medication.