What Are the Side Effects of Nitric Oxide?

Typical side effects of nitric oxide include abnormally low blood pressure, bloody urine, high blood sugar and bacterial infection of the blood, notes WebMD. Others effects include chest discomfort, trouble breathing and dizziness, according to Drugs.com.

Nitric oxide is a gas used to widen blood vessels by relaxing smooth muscles. It is used together with a ventilator, which is a breathing machine, in treating respiratory problems in premature babies. Taking this medicine can cause side effects such as chest pain, difficulty breathing and unusual tiredness. With time, the body may get used to nitric oxide, resulting in a decrease in side effects, notes Drug.com.

Patients should tell their doctor of any previous allergic reactions when using this medication as well as any allergies to preservatives, animals or foods. They should also tell the doctor if they have medical problems such as heart failure or breathing problems. As of 2015, there are no adequate studies on the effects of this medication on young children, and breastfeeding mothers should weigh the benefits and risks before using this medication, says Mayo Clinic.

Doctors should monitor babies receiving this medication closely to ensure the medication is working accordingly. Stopping this medication suddenly may result in rebound pulmonary hypertension syndrome, a condition characterized by symptoms such as slow heartbeat, reduced cardiac output and bluish skin, reports Mayo Clinic.