Some common side effects or symptoms of menopause are mood swings, hot flashes, insomnia or sleep disturbance, feeling depressed, vaginal dryness and changes in skin and hair, states Healthline. With the onset of menopause, a woman's body makes lower quantities of the hormones estrogen and progesterone. This reduction in these hormones in a woman's body is the main cause of the side effects or symptoms of menopause, states the National Institutes of Health's MedlinePlus.
Menopause is the term used when a woman does not have a menstrual period for 12 consecutive months. A common troubling side effect for menopausal women can be a hot flash, which is the sensation of intense heat that occurs for a short duration of time and can cause night sweats and flushing, notes MedicineNet. The symptom of hot flashes can last up to two years in most women, but others may experience them for a longer time period.
Some other side effects of menopause can be memory problems, irritability, urinary incontinence, headaches, heart palpitation, and achy or painful joints, notes MedlinePlus. Many women can experience some of these different side effects, which can last up to 5 years.
The reduction in estrogen levels can also cause symptoms, such as vaginal dryness and vaginal atrophy. This occurs because the lining of the vagina become more thin and dry. Another side effect of lower estrogen amounts in a woman's body is loss in bone density that can lead to osteoporosis. Menopausal women can also notice changes in their skin and hair, which can become thin and dry.