What Are the Side Effects of Lithotripsy?

Common side effects of the kidney stone treatment lithotripsy include blood in the urine and pain while urinating during the days following the procedure, according to the National Kidney Foundation. Stone fragments may also remain in the kidney, requiring additional treatments.

As lithotrispy is a procedure for shattering kidney stones, the resulting shards must pass through the urinary tract to leave the body, according to the National Kidney Foundation. This may cause some pain. If some of the shards are too large to pass, patients may continue to experience kidney stone symptoms until they receive additional treatment. Patients may also experience bruising on the abdomen or back, as stated by Johns Hopkins Medicine. Patients can take pain relievers such as aspirin to cope with soreness and other side effects as indicated by a doctor, and the consumption of liquids can reduce discomfort caused by passing stone shards.

Risks associated with a lithotripsy procedure include infection, obstruction of the urinary tract, bleeding around the kidney and possible complications from repeat radiation exposure, according to Johns Hopkins Medicine. Patients should notify the doctor if they experience serious side effects such as severe lower back pain, fever, chills, burning during urination or the urgent need to urinate following the lithotripsy.