What Are the Side Effects of Hysterectomy Surgery?

Physical side effects of hysterectomies potentially include injury to organs near the uterus, blood clots, infection, pain during intercourse and anesthesia-related problems, including breathing or heart complications, according to Everyday Health. If doctors remove the ovaries along with the uterus, patients may experience hormonal side effects, such as early menopause, decreased sex drive or vaginal dryness during intercourse. Doctors address these side effects with hormone-replacement therapy, explains Cleveland Clinic.

Harmless side effects include light vaginal bleeding, and itching, bruising or swelling around the incision for up to six weeks. Patients may experience a numb feeling around the incision for about two months. Hysterectomies stop menstruation, but patients may experience bloating and other secondary symptoms of menstruation from time to time, explains Cleveland Clinic.

Patients should call their doctors if they experience bright red vaginal bleeding, severe nausea or vomiting, difficulty or pain while urinating, increasing pain, or increasing swelling or bruising. Hysterectomies may also induce emotional side effects, such as depression or a sense of loss. Emotional side effects are often temporary, but patients experiencing them should inform their doctors, notes Cleveland Clinic.

Doctors treat a multitude of medical issues with hysterectomies, ranging from abnormal vaginal bleeding to the presence of cancerous or pre-cancerous growths on the uterus. Depending on the reason for the procedure, a hysterectomy may remove only part of the uterus, or it may remove the entire uterus as well as the cervix, ovaries and fallopian tubes, according to Cleveland Clinic.