The most common side effects of hydrocele surgery or hydrocelectomy are swelling and bruising, according to the Austin Urology Institute. Typically a full recovery is expected within a few months of the surgical procedure, which involves making a single small incision in the scrotum.
Hydrocelectomy surgery is done to remove abnormal sacs of fluid that develop around the testicles that can impair blood flow to the penis. The surgery is usually conducted in an outpatient surgical center and takes approximately 45 minutes to complete. After the procedure, a doctor often places a small drain at the surgical site to remove excess fluid and reduce swelling and bruising. The patient is instructed in how to empty the drain should it fill with a clear or red-tinted liquid. The drain is kept in place for 48 hours and then removed at the surgical center, states the Austin Urology Institute.
After the procedure, it is recommended that patients refrain from activities such as strenuous exercise, heavy lifting or yardwork for two weeks to avoid causing bleeding at the incision site. Patients should avoid straining during bowel movements until full recovery by increasing dietary fiber and using laxatives or stool softeners when necessary, recommends the Austin Urology Institute.