Kidney transplants cause short-term side effects such as urine leakage, ureter obstruction, artery narrowing, blood clots, and infections. Long-term side effects include high blood pressure, cancer and diabetes, states NHS Choices. These risks originate from medications, procedures used, and risks related to the transplanted kidney, among other factors.
Ureter blockage results from the formation of the scar tissue that emerges from blood clots formed immediately after a transplant, explains NHS Choices. Treatment involves a surgical procedure to remove the blockage. The narrowing of the artery, also known as the arterial stenosis, develops months or years later and leads to an increase in blood pressure, which calls for a need to stretch the artery. In connection to the transplanted kidney, blood clots, which can spread to the arteries, call for specialized medicines to dissolve them. Infections, such as flu, pneumonia and urinary tract infections, are also some common side effects of a kidney transplant.
Diabetes results from an increased appetite after a transplant that makes some people eat more and gain extra weight, according to the NHS. Symptoms can include frequent urination and tiredness, and treatment involves a combination of medication and good eating habits. High blood pressure is also a major side effect that can lead to more serious health conditions, such as stroke and heart attack.