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What are the side effects of egg extraction?

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Quick Answer

Side effects of egg extraction in the fertility treatment process include discomfort; injury to organs surrounding the ovaries, such as bladder, bowel and blood vessels; and infection, says WebMD. In rare cases of serious infection, removal of the ovaries, fallopian tubes and uterus may be required.

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The process by which human eggs are extracted during fertility treatments is safe for most patients, but side effects may occur as a result of pre-existing conditions in the body or complications during the surgery, says The American Society for Reproductive Medicine. During the procedure, a long, thin needle is inserted into the vagina and threaded into the fallopian tube to reach the follicle and extract the eggs, which are combined with sperm in the laboratory for in vitro fertilization.

Other side effects associated with egg retrieval occur before the extraction process as a result of the treatments used to prepare a woman's body for the procedure. Injectable fertility medications are used to stimulate the follicles with eggs in the ovaries. Potential side effects include bruising, nausea, vomiting, allergic reactions and Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome (OHSS), a serious condition that can cause fluid to build up in the abdomen and lungs. Very rare complications of OHSS include kidney failure and blood clots, says The American Society for Reproductive Medicine.

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