The side effects of Decadron include increased sweating, increased appetite, difficulty sleeping, nervousness and indigestion. The patient may also experience joint or muscle pain, depression, convulsions, personality changes, and severe allergic reactions characterized by hives, rashes, tightness in the chest, itching, and swelling of the mouth lips, face or tongue, says Drugs.com. Decadron may also cause menstrual changes, stomach upset, dizziness, headaches and weight gain, according to WebMD.
Decadron is a corticosteroid that suppresses the body’s reaction to certain immune stimulation, and also prevents symptoms such as tissue swelling resulting from inflammation, explains Drugs.com. Cancer patients take it to prevent nausea and vomiting triggered by cancer chemotherapy. It is also used to treat diseases such as blood, hormone and immune system disorders, some eye and skin conditions, certain cancers, arthritis, and some bowel disorders, notes WebMD. Decadron is also used to test for Cushing’s syndrome.
The patient should take this drug with milk or food to prevent stomach upset, advises WebMD. Also, if the patient is taking the liquid form of the drug, he should use a medication-measuring device rather than a household spoon to ensure he gets the right dosage. The patient should also keep taking the medication even if he feels well and should avoid stopping the medication without the doctor’s advice, since it could worsen his condition, warns WebMD.
If the patient has certain medical conditions such as an active fungal infection, or a medical history of infections such as herpes, liver or kidney disease, thyroid disease, heart problems, or diabetes, he should consult his doctor before taking Decadron, according to WebMD. In case of a suspected overdose, the patient should contact an emergency room or a poison control center.