A temporary swelling of the urethra that obstructs the passage of urine and a mild urinary tract infection are possible side effects of a cystoscopy test, according to WebMD. Bleeding may occur, but it often resolves on its own. It is common to experience a burning sensation during and after urination for a couple of days following the test.
Cystoscopy is usually a safe test, and it does not reduce sexual function, states WebMD. If the urethra becomes swollen, doctors may recommend inserting a catheter into the bladder for continuous urinary drainage until the swelling diminishes. To prevent or treat a urinary tract infection, patients may take medication before and after a cystoscopy. In rare cases, a urinary tract infection affects other parts of the body. While rare, it is also possible to have a punctured urethra or bladder, which requires surgical repair.
Individuals tend to urinate frequently after a cystoscopy, explains WebMD. It helps to drink plenty of water to ease the burning sensation and prevent an infection. While a slightly pink urine is normal for a few days after the exam, it is important to contact a doctor immediately if a person notices a red urine color, blood clots after urinating several times or an inability to urinate eight hours after the cystoscopy. Intense pain in the flank, chills and fever are symptoms of a kidney infection.