A few side effects of bladder fistula surgery include infection, pain or bleeding. Contact a medical care provider if side effects, such as fever, bad smell, discharge or draining pus, occur, according to Drugs.com.
A bladder fistula is a hold between the bladder and another organ. An enterovesical fistula forms between the bowel and bladder. In women, a vesicovaginal fistula forms between the vagina and bladder. Symptoms of bladder fistulas include urinary tract infections that tend to resist treatment, stool smells emanating from the vagina and gas exiting the urethra during urination. Diagnosing the fistula requires X-ray study, using a CT scan or pelvic X-ray, or cystoscope examination. With a cystoscopy, the physician looks into the bladder using an elongated, thin telescope with a light attachment on the end, states the Urology Care Foundation.
Under normal conditions, the bladder stores urine generated in the kidneys until the urge to urinate. Then, the bladder contracts, releasing the urine. Bladder fistulas are caused by surgeries, radiation therapy, gynecologic cancers or result from other diseases, such as diverticulitis or Crohn’s disease. Surgery repairs the hole with healthy tissue nearby that has good blood flow. Treatment for the disease that originally caused the fistula is the key to a successful recovery. Following surgery, expect to wear a catheter inside the bladder for several weeks, says the Urology Care Foundation. If excessive bleeding, trouble breathing or no urine drains into the catheter bag, seek emergency care, explains Drugs.com.