Shoulder surgery is a surgical procedure that repairs a diseased, damaged or degenerated shoulder joint, states Healthgrades. The shoulder complications that can necessitate shoulder surgery include rotator cuff tears, shoulder separations, shoulder dislocations, frozen shoulder, tendonitis, arthritis, bursitis, loose or torn cartilage and fracture of the humerus or clavicles.
The types of shoulder surgery include arthroplasty, arthroscopy, rotator cuff repair and soft tissue repair, notes Healthgrades. Arthroplasty involves partial or total replacement of arthritic or damaged bone surfaces with artificial material. A doctor can recommend arthroplasty in the treatment of degenerative shoulder diseases, such as osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. It can also be used to repair shoulder joint fractures.
Arthroscopy involves the use of an arthroscope, which is a long, thin piece of equipment with a small camera. The equipment is inserted into the shoulder joint through an incision, so that the camera displays the pictures of the inside of the joint on a video screen, explains Healthgrades. Arthroscopy is suitable in the treatment of shoulder dislocations, shoulder tendonitis, frozen shoulder, muscle repairs, repair of torn cartilage or ligaments, and a few rotator cuff complications.
Rotator cuff repair is used to treat a torn tendon in the shoulder joint, while soft tissue repair treats damaged shoulder muscles, claims Healthgrade.