Always consult a doctor when you have symptoms of diabetic neuropathy, since physicians can prescribe pain medication or determine whether there is an underlying problem besides diabetes, according to WebMD. Methods of home care depend on the type of nerve pain. For example, if you have peripheral neuropathy of the feet and limbs, make sure your shoes are properly fitted to prevent injury. Routinely manage your foot hygiene, moisturizing the skin and clipping the toenails.
Your doctor may recommend a topical medication or patch, such as capsaicin cream, nitrate sprays and lidocaine patches, the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases states. Severe pain may require physical therapy for relief and a bed cradle to reduce contact with sensitive limbs.
Autonomic neuropathies may affect the digestive, urinary and vascular systems or sex organs, WebMD notes. Your doctor may advise you to regulate meal portions to reduce digestive irritation such as bloating, heartburn, vomiting and diarrhea. For nerve pain in sex organs, men may require penile devices or injections to achieve erections, while women may need suppositories, lubricants and estrogen creams to prevent dryness and enable orgasms.
Proximal neuropathies usually affect the hips, buttocks, thighs or legs on one side of the body, the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases states. Since this variant interferes with motor function, you may need physical therapy to treat pain and weakness for comfortable mobility.