Surgery is recommended for patients with colitis who have flare-ups so severe that drug intervention no longer works, according to WebMD. Patients with long-term colitis may also need surgery, in part because the risk of colon cancer is higher for those who suffer from long-term inflammatory bowel disease.
Colitis surgery typically means that the surgeon removes most of the rectum and colon, explains WebMD. Removal of the affected body parts eliminates the cancer risk, inflammation, continual urges to use the bathroom, and pain associated with colitis. Colitis flare-ups are managed by maintaining the prescription medication regimen, avoiding trigger foods, and notifying the doctor if flare-up symptoms last beyond 48 hours.