A basic first-aid kit includes a variety of bandages, cold packs, antibiotic ointment, a thermometer and various medications, according to Mayo Clinic. It also includes medical information and safety gear. It is important to keep one kit at home and one in the car.
A well-supplied first-aid kit includes items that are useful for wound care, such as adhesive bandages, tape and hand sanitizer, states Mayo Clinic. Other items, such as scissors, safety pins, plastic bags, duct tape, tweezers and sunscreen are also good to add.
Medications appropriate for a first-aid kit include over-the-counter pain medications, anti-diarrhea medicine, antihistamines, calamine lotion and aloe vera gel, suggests Mayo Clinic. Antacids, laxatives and prescription medications that don't require refrigeration are also important to add. If a member of the family has a prescription epinephrine auto-injector, place one in the kit.
Include items in the first-aid kit that would come in handy during any emergency situation, particularly information, advises Mayo Clinic. Place in the kit a list of contact information for doctors, the poison helpline and local emergency responders. Include a medical history and medical consent form for each family member as well. Don't forget a flashlight, waterproof matches, extra batteries and insect repellent.
Many retailers carry pre-made first aid kits, states Mayo Clinic. They can be personalized for each family's specific needs.