Infection control handouts should include information on washing hands, covering coughs and sneezes, properly disposing of contaminated items and correctly using personal protective equipment, such as gloves, masks and gowns, states MedlinePlus. Keeping immunizations current is another important step in controlling infections.
Infection control handouts should also encourage health care providers and patients to keep wound dressings, intravenous sites and catheter tubes clean and intact, according to the National Patient Safety Foundation. Because high blood sugar levels increase infection risk, individuals with diabetes should keep their blood sugar levels well-controlled to prevent infections. Infection control handouts should also include information about smoking cessation and weight loss.
Because proper hand washing is the most effective way to control infections, infection control handouts should focus on this topic, states MedlinePlus. Using soap and water is the best way to clean hands, but if soap and water are unavailable, individuals may use hand sanitizer containing at least 60 percent alcohol, explains the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Effective hand washing includes scrubbing all areas of the hands with soap and clean water for at least 20 seconds, then thoroughly rinsing and drying. Individuals should wash their hands before eating, after using the bathroom, after touching animals or animal feed, after touching trash and after coughing, sneezing or blowing the nose.