Hip replacement is recommended for people with hip joint damage that causes pain, interferes with life and responds unsatisfactorily to other treatment, explains the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. This often includes people with osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or injuries or tumors that compromise the joint.
A candidate for hip replacement should otherwise be in good health, according to NIAMS. People with chronic conditions, such as Parkinson's disease, or those with serious muscle weakness are more likely to have complications with the artificial hip. Recovery is problematic for people prone to infection or in generally poor health. In addition, people who have their hip replaced before the joint has severely deteriorated have better recoveries and greater long-term success.