Treatment for high blood pressure or hypertension depends on the severity of the condition. Treatment can include lifestyle and dietary changes, smoking cessation, stress management and drug therapy, according to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.
To control hypertension, doctors generally recommend following a healthy diet that is low in fat, sodium and cholesterol and that focuses on whole grains, vegetables and fruits. They also usually recommend avoiding alcohol consumption or limiting alcoholic intake as well as being physically active and maintaining a recommended weight while quitting smoking and learning to cope with stress. For those afflicted with hypertension who cannot reach their blood pressure goals through lifestyle, diet and other means, doctors may prescribe medications to lower blood pressure artificially, states the NHLBI.