A doctor may recommend surgical removal of a heel spur if nine to 12 months of regular treatment does not work, says WebMD. Tests check that a person is a good candidate for surgery, and possible risks of surgery include nerve pain, heel pain, tendinitis and foot cramps.
Patients may need bandages, surgical shoes, canes or casts after surgery, according to WebMD. Nonsurgical treatment includes stretching, following shoe recommendations, taping muscles or tendons, use of orthotics such as shoe inserts, and physical therapy. Corticosteroid injections are also a possible remedy as are over-the-counter medications for heel pain. Nonsurgical approaches are successful for at least 90 percent of people with heel spurs.