A healthy cervix should have a smooth appearance and be moist with a tight opening that is usually closed except during birth and menstruation, explains WebMD. The cervix is a ring of tissue made up of cartilage that is 1 inch in diameter and connects the uterus and vagina.
In some cases, a perfectly healthy cervix can have cysts that are not cancerous, states the National Center for Biotechnology Information. These growths are typically small and vary from translucent to a yellowish color. The epithelium tissue lining the cervix can turn red and have a grainy appearance or form firm muscle masses. Both these issues rarely require any special treatment. However, cervical polyps on the cervix can be cancerous and need to be monitored.
A cervix with blue, black or red lesions is a sign of endometriosis and an unhealthy cervix, according to the National Center of Biotechnology Information. When a cervix becomes red and inflamed, cervicitis results, which can cause pain and bleeding. A cervix infected with herpes often contain fluid-filled lesions. Women with growths or abnormal cells on the cervix can be treated with antibiotics, cryotherapy, laser therapy or chemotherapy, says WebMD. Cryotherapy is a procedure where the abnormal cells are frozen with a cold probe.