Trichomoniasis appears with discharge, swelling and blood spotting in women and urethral discharge in men, according to Planned Parenthood. Genital redness also sometimes appears in women with trichomoniasis, explains Mayo Clinic. Photos can include these aspects of this sexually transmitted disease.
Trichomoniasis is caused by a parasite, states the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It often causes no symptoms, according to Planned Parenthood. Symptoms may, however, include discharge that has a frothy appearance and foul smell, vaginal itching, groin swelling and frequent urination with pain and burning. Sometimes discomfort during sex and lower abdominal pain also occur, says MedicineNet.
Health professionals determine whether someone has trichomoniasis by running a test, notes Planned Parenthood. Providers look at discharge samples under a microscope. Women can help with the diagnosis by not douching for 24 hours before the test. Other helpful steps include not having vaginal intercourse or inserting anything into the vagina for at least 24 hours before the test and not using vaginal deodorants, which can mask odors that are important symptoms.
The antibiotics metronidazole and tinidazole cure trichomoniasis, according to the CDC. These medications are safe to use in pregnant women. All sexual partners need to be treated to prevent recurring trichomoniasis infections.