After undergoing a stent procedure, patients can expect to feel some soreness, to take anticlotting medications and should avoid doing strenuous activities for as long as their doctor recommends, according to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Patients should change their diet and exercise to prevent their arteries from clogging again.
Although a bruise or scab is expected to form over the incision site, the patient should notify his doctor if the site shows significant swelling, redness or bleeding, recommends the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Some patients may need to take aspirin for the rest of their lives to reduce the formation of blood clots, while patients with mesh fabric stents should undergo imaging tests at least once a year to monitor the effectiveness of the stent.
During a stent procedure, doctors aim to increase blood flow through narrow arteries and to prevent them from bursting by placing a mesh tube in the arteries, states the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. The doctor determines the number of blockages, then decides where to access the artery, adds Medtronic. A balloon with a stent on the end is inserted and inflated, attaching the stent to the artery wall. The procedure typically requires a short, in-patient hospital stay.