What Should You Expect After Hemorrhoid Surgery?

After a hemorrhoid surgery, expect some pain, itching and bleeding and a risk of infection. However, in most cases, patients can go back to nonstrenuous activities within a week of the procedure and all normal activities a week after that, according to registered nurse Jennifer Whitlock for About.com.

During the week after the hemorrhoid surgery, pain is common. Patients who have hemorrhoids removed have higher levels of pain than patients who have a sclerotherapy, which is not as invasive. Pain can range from noticeable discomfort to significant pain. Doctors may recommend anything from over-the-counter pain medicines to a prescription painkiller, as well as a stool softener to cut down on straining during bowel movements, notes Whitlock.

Patients who have external hemorrhoids treated often notice itching after the procedure. A sitz bath helps to alleviate the itching, as does topical medication, explains Whitlock. Itching is a good sign, as it means the surgical incision has begun to heal. Bleeding in the toilet is somewhat common as is spotting on the underwear. While small amounts are normal, it is important to notify the doctor about larger amounts. Bleeding is particularly noticeable along with bowel movements in the first three days after the surgery. Once the surgery is over, ample hydration is important, as is the consumption of foods with a great deal of fiber to yield softer stools and limit the recurrence of hemorrhoids.