People with heartburn should focus on eating low-acid foods, such as bananas, melons, whole grain bread, fish, potatoes, green vegetables, egg whites, rice, oatmeal, and lean poultry and meats. Foods and herbs that may soothe heartburn include fennel, ginger, aloe vera and parsley, according to WebMD.
Although foods that trigger heartburn vary among people, it is generally advisable to avoid ground beef, marbled sirloin, chicken nuggets, chocolate, potato and corn chips, macaroni and cheese, spaghetti with marinara sauce, regular cottage cheese, French fries, potato salad, onions, and chicken and buffalo wings. Foods with a high fat content, such as brownies, cookies, doughnuts, ice cream, and oily or creamy salad dressings, should also be avoided, according to WebMD.
Beverages that often trigger heartburn include orange juice, cranberry juice, lemonade, milkshakes, tea, coffee, liquor and wine, according to WebMD.
In addition to eating properly, frequent heartburn sufferers should avoid meals late at night as well as lying down after meals, according to Mayo Clinic. Maintaining a healthy body weight is also important because excess fat places pressure on the abdomen, which forces the stomach up and causes acid to back up in the esophagus. People who experience heartburn at night while trying to sleep may benefit from elevating the head of the bed.