If a child has a temperature above 104 degrees Fahrenheit, parents should seek immediate medical attention, regardless of the absence of other symptoms, cautions WebMD. For infants 4 months old or younger, parents should seek immediate attention for rectal temperatures of 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit or higher. If any fever persists for more than three days, parents should seek medical attention. For children under the age of 2, parents should seek attention for fevers that persist for more than one day.
The normal body temperature is around 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit, according to WebMD. The hypothalamus in the brain may elevate the body temperature in response to some conditions, most often a common cold or stomach flu. Other viral or bacterial infections affecting the ears, skin, throat or internal organs can cause a fever. Children may also develop a fever as a side of effect of certain prescription medications and vaccines.
Treatments for a high fever vary depending on the underlying conditions, states WebMD. Parents can manage any discomfort with over-the-counter cold and flu medications, such as acetaminophen, ibuprofen or naproxen. Children should refrain from taking aspirin due to the risk of Reye’s syndrome. If additional symptoms develop, such as nausea, diarrhea, loss of appetite or fatigue, parents should seek immediate medical attention.