Bladder stones can be treated either by breaking them up or removing them surgically, according to Mayo Clinic. The procedure that breaks up stones is cystolitholapaxy. A small tube is inserted up the urethra to the bladder. The ultrasound or laser device then breaks up the stones into manageable pieces that can be flushed from the bladder. However, sometimes stones are too large to be broken up effectively, and these large stones are instead surgically removed. A small slit is made in the bladder through which the stones are taken out.
Bladder stones are pieces of crystallized urine, explains Mayo Clinic. They may occur if the bladder doesn't completely empty, causing urine to build up in concentrated form. This problem can be caused by bladder inflammation, damaged nerves in the bladder and prostate-gland enlargement. Sometimes small kidney stones end up in the bladder, eventually becoming bladder stones. The symptoms of bladder stones include painful and frequent urination, difficulty urinating, abdominal pain, and bloody or cloudy urine. Men with this issue experience pain in the penis.Learn more about Gastrointestinal Issues