In bladder repair surgery, general anesthesia is typically used, the average hospital stay is one to two days and the patient often returns home with a catheter in place, states WebMD. Patients must avoid strenuous tasks for three months, such as heavy lifting and long periods of standing, as these activities can lead to a recurrence of bladder problems.
For women, the bladder is typically repaired through an incision on the vaginal wall, according to WebMD. Some medical conditions require a larger incision on the abdominal wall. Bladder repair surgery is done to fix or repair loose and torn tissue, lifting the bladder and urethra into the normal position. Repairing the bladder alleviates the problems of urinary incontinence, painful intercourse and difficulty urinating.
Incontinence in men is typically caused by an issue with the prostrate or urethra, and it requires a different surgical approach than for women, as WebMD explains. Depending on the cause of incontinence, removal of the prostate, inserting an artificial sphincter or urethral bulking may be required. Surgical intervention does not fix incontinence issues for everyone, but it typically improves symptoms. Obesity, radiation therapy and poor nutrition can have a direct effect on the outcome of surgery.