Pregnant women, people who have had facial radiotherapy in the past, lactating mothers, diabetes patients and those who have used the acne medication isotretinoin during the most recent year should avoid laser skin resurfacing, according to Mayo Clinic. Others who should avoid the procedure include autoimmune disease patients and those with a weak immune system.
Laser skin resurfacing is a cosmetic procedure in which doctors use a laser to restore facial appearance by eliminating skin defects such as wrinkles, age spots, damaged skin due to sun exposure, scars and uneven skin texture, notes Mayo Clinic. Preparation for laser skin resurfacing may involve reviewing the patient's medical record and examining the patient physically to determine if the procedure suits her. Before undergoing the procedure, a patient should also know possible outcomes of the procedure, recovery time and risks involved.
Although helpful, laser skin procedure is risky, as it may expose the patient to bacterial and viral infections such as the herpes virus, which results in cold sores, states Mayo Clinic. The procedure may also result in skin color changes such as hyperpigmentation, a condition in which the skin is excessively dark, and hypopigmentation, which is excessive skin lightness. The procedure may also result in irreversible scars, short-term skin inflammation, blisters and itchy skin.