Symptoms of short-term memory loss, or amnesia, include difficulty learning new information and not being able to remember past occurrences or information that was once familiar, according to Mayo Clinic. Other possible symptoms of short-term memory loss include confusion, disorientation and recalling inaccurate, false or fabricated memories.
A person with short-term memory problems should seek medical attention as quickly as possible, states Mayo Clinic. When memory loss is isolated, the person is often able to understand words, and they may be able to learn or retain some skills, such as athletics or musicianship. His general knowledge, intelligence, awareness and personality usually remains intact.
A person experiencing short-term memory loss may be capable of making judgments and determining his identity, states Mayo Clinic. The person may capable of recognizing his condition. Although a pattern of forgetfulness is a symptom of short-term memory loss, it is usually not as severe as with dementia patients.
A person experiencing short-term memory loss may not be aware of their need for medical attention or their location, notes Mayo Clinic. Usually the most recent memories are the hardest to remember. Someone experiencing this kind of memory loss may be able to recall events that took place long ago, but recent occurrences may not be remembered. Dementia, on the other hand, often includes memory loss, but the cognitive functions are more severely impaired, making daily activities a struggle.