Shin splints, also known as medial tibial stress syndrome, is a term that refers to pain felt in the front side bone in the lower leg, according to Mayo Clinic. It is a common injury for runners, dancers, military recruits and athletes. Treatment options include rest, ice or other procedures.
WebMD reports that shin splints are extremely common and often occur when a person intensifies a workout routine or physical activity involving running. Shin splints typically heal without clinical treatment, but severe cases may require x-rays to determine if the bone is fractured. Treatment recommendations include rest, icing the shin, anti-inflammatory medication, orthotic shoe inserts, range-of-motion exercises, a neoprene sleeve for support and warmth, and physical therapy.