Sharp pelvic pain may be a symptom of conditions involving the female reproductive system, the urinary tract or the musculoskeletal system. The Mayo Clinic adds that sharp pelvic pain can be intermittent or constant, and it may radiate to other parts of the body, such as the lower back, thighs and buttocks.
Pelvic pain that arises from the reproductive system may result from conditions such as endometriosis, adenomyosis, ovulation pain, menstrual cramps, ovarian cysts and uterine fibroids. It may also be caused by ovarian cancer or pelvic inflammatory disease. According to the Mayo Clinic, other causes of sharp pelvic pain that affect both men and women include colon cancer, Crohn's disease, kidney stones, appendicitis, prostatitis, intestinal obstruction, ulcerative colitis, constipation and irritable bowel syndrome. Although these are some of the most common causes associated with the symptom, only a doctor or qualified health care professional can provide an accurate diagnosis.
The Mayo Clinic states that sharp pelvic pain may occur at random times, or it may only arise during urination or sexual intercourse. Patients should see a doctor if the pelvic pain is new, disrupts daily life or becomes progressively worse. Individuals who suddenly develop severe pelvic pain should seek immediate medical attention as it may be a medical emergency.