What are some facts about sexually transmitted infections?


Quick Answer

Facts about sexually transmitted infections are that there are more than 30 different transmissible bacteria, viruses and parasites that cause infection, and they are one of the top five reasons adults seek health care, according to the World Health Organization. Other facts about sexually transmitted infections are that they are preventable, many are transmitted through ways other than sexual contact and more than 1 million people acquire a sexually transmitted infection every day.

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Full Answer

Some of the most common infections are gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis, genital herpes and human immunodeficiency virus, states the World Health Organization. STIs spread through sexual contact, such as oral, vaginal and anal sex. Prevention techniques include condom usage and abstinence. Several STIs spread through blood or tissue transfer, while others may transmit from mother to child during pregnancy or childbirth, including HIV, human papillomavirus, or HPV, syphilis or chlamydia. Improper condom usage, or not using one at all, can lead to the acquisition of an STI from a single sex act with a single infected partner, notes the Center for Disease Control and Prevention.

About 500 million people acquire chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis or trichomoniasis every year, according to the World Health Organization. More than 290 million women are living with HPV, which is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections. HPV also causes more than 530,000 cases of cervical cancer every year, which leads to thousands of deaths.

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