Facet arthropathy is arthritis that affects the facet joints of the spine, according to arthritis and joint conditions expert Carol Eustice for About.com. The facet joints connect the vertebrae to one another in a column. Each vertebra has two facet joints, one on either side of the spinal column.Continue Reading
Facet arthropathy most commonly occurs in the lumbar spine and is one of the chief causes of low back pain, explains NYU Langone Medical Center. However, it can occur at any level of the spine. Symptoms include pain that radiates down to the buttocks and upper thighs. Stiffness and decreased mobility can also be a problem.
Cartilage deterioration is the main cause of facet arthropathy, according to HowStuffWorks. Over time, wear and tear causes the cartilage to thin, resulting in the bones rubbing together. This causes inflammation and pain. Trauma, obesity, physical inactivity and aging are additional risk factors, notes NYU Langone Medical Center.
Conservative treatment for facet arthropathy includes the use of over-the-counter pain relievers and prescription muscle relaxers and corticosteroids, states Eustice. Traction, strengthening exercises, aerobic activity and spinal manipulation are other options. If these treatments fail, steroid or anesthetic injections into the joints; nerve ablation using electrical current; and surgical interventions are options.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases
Arthritis expert Carol Eustice from About.com explains that moderate joint effusion, or swollen joints, occurs when an abnormal accumulation of fluid in or around a joint causes the joint to swell. This affliction typically affects the knees and has other common names like "water on the knee" or "fluid on the knee."Full Answer >
Structures in the spine include the vertebrae, intervertebral disks, spinal cord, ligaments and facet joints. The stacked vertebrae are aligned by ligaments and muscles and separated by intervertebral disks, according to the Mayfield Clinic. The spinal cord runs through a spinal canal created by the anatomy of the vertebrae.Full Answer >
Reverse shoulder surgery is used to treat rotator cuff tear arthropathy and is done by placing a ball-and-socket joint into the shoulder opposite of its natural position, claims About.com. In other words, the joint is placed in reverse of its normal position.Full Answer >
A spine facet injection provides relief for several days to a few months, states Ohio Health. If an injection is effective, an individual can have the procedure up to three times a year, notes Mayfield Clinic.Full Answer >