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What is schizoaffective disorder?

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Schizoaffective disorder is a mental disease that is characterized by several conditions, including mood disorder and schizophrenia. This condition is not well understood compared to other mental disorders because it is a combination of different mental problems that might be unique in each affected individual. People with untreated schizoaffective disorder tend to lead lonely lives and experience difficulties in keeping jobs and attending school.

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Schizoaffective disorder may differ from one individual to another. People with this condition experience psychotic symptoms, such as hallucinations or delusions and mood disorder, according to Mayo Clinic. Mood disorder can either be depression or bipolar disorder, a medical illness that causes shifts in energy and moods. A person may also experience paranoid ideas and thoughts. Poor physical appearance and uncleanliness are other common symptom of schizoaffective disorder. This condition features periods of severe symptoms and less severe symptoms.

Early treatment for schizoaffective disorder helps to prevent problems from developing. If a person notices any of the symptoms of a schizoaffective disorder in a friend or a family member, he or she needs to help them seek immediate medical attention. A doctor will conduct a complete physical exam and check the medical history of an individual to identify the cause of the condition. It can be caused by brain chemistry, genetic factors or environmental factors.

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