What Is Sarcoma?

What Is Sarcoma?

A sarcoma is a cancerous tumor that can develop in different body tissues, such as bone and muscle; soft tissue and bone sarcomas are two different forms of sarcoma that affect people, relates WebMD. Soft tissues of the body refer to muscle, blood vessels, fat and joint lining. Although soft tissue sarcoma can develop in any area of the body, the most common areas affected are the limbs.

There are many different kinds of soft tissue sarcomas. The names of some of these tumors are Kaposi sarcoma, angiosarcoma and liposarcoma, according to the American Cancer Society. A symptom of soft tissue sarcoma can be a painless lump that forms; diagnosing this type of sarcoma may require a biopsy. Treatment options can include radiation, chemotherapy and surgery to excise the malignancy, explains WebMD.

Bone sarcoma, which is also called osteosarcoma, tends to develop in areas of the body such as the shoulder and around the knee region, reports the National Institutes of Health's MedlinePlus. However, bone sarcoma can occur any place on the body. Although this type of cancerous tumor more often is seen in teenagers. they may also be found in people age 60 and older. Some symptoms of bone sarcoma are pain in the bones that are affected, inflammation near the tumor site and fractures. This condition is treated with chemotherapy and the removal of the tumor.

Symptoms of a sarcoma typically do not occur in the early stages. As the tumor progresses and becomes palpable, the patient may have localized pain and swelling. If the lump is around the stomach, a feeling of fullness is often felt, as stated by Cancer.Net.

People with a genetic disorder, such as neurofibromatosis, have an increased risk of developing sarcomas. Other risk factors include a family history of the disease and radiation exposure, as stated by WebMD.