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What is a sarcoidosis diagnosis?

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According to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, sarcoidosis is a disease that causes prolonged inflammation of bodily organs. Sarcoidosis can cause the formation of lumps called granulomas, and these lumps eventually disturb the functions of the affected organs. Symptoms of sarcoidosis include difficulty breathing, chest pain, tiredness, swollen lymph nodes, skin rashes, eye pain and blurred vision, notes Mayo Clinic.

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People who have sarcoidosis may not show any symptoms. Lofgren's syndrome can be present in those with sarcoidosis. This syndrome causes enlarged lymph nodes, fever, arthritis and rashes on the ankles, explains the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.

Mayo Clinic reports that sarcoidosis most commonly affects the lungs, lymph nodes, eyes and skin. In some cases, sarcoidosis can go away without treatment. Some people may experience remission even after treatment.

The causes for sarcoidosis are currently unknown and there is no cure. The immune system reacts to harmful substances, bacteria and viruses. This reaction results in inflammation. In sarcoidosis, the inflammation is prolonged and the immune cells lump into granulomas. Women, African Americans, people between the ages of 20 and 40 and those with a family history of this disease have a greater risk in developing sarcoidosis, according to Mayo Clinic. Medications can be prescribed for the treatment of symptoms related to organ functions if these functions are threatened.

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