A gout diet does not preclude high-sodium foods, but the diet may ban some salty foods for other reasons, according to Mayo Clinic. For example, people with gout should avoid foods high in saturated fat, such as red meat and full-fat dairy, which may also have high amounts of sodium depending on their preparation.
People following a gout diet should avoid certain foods that are high in purine levels and therefore cause high uric acid levels, notes Mayo Clinic. The diet recommends avoiding sweetbreads, livers, kidneys and other organ meats as well as particular types of seafood, such as tuna, sardines, herring, trout and scallops, due to their high purine levels. Gout sufferers should also avoid drinking alcohol because certain kinds of alcohol increase the chance of gout.
Doctors once recommended that people avoid vegetables with high purine levels, according to Mayo Clinic. Now research indicates that these foods, such as peas, cauliflower, beans, lentils and asparagus, are fine to eat on a gout-friendly diet.
Those with gout should add complex carbohydrates to their diet in the form of fruits, vegetables and whole grains, advises Mayo Clinic. Staying well hydrated by drinking large amounts of water also can prevent gout attacks. Research indicates that eating cherries and drinking coffee may help prevent gout. Vitamin C supplements also can lower uric acid in the blood, but individuals should consult a doctor about any supplements to reduce gout attacks.