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How is salivary gland blockage treated?

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Treatments for salivary gland blockages include warm compresses, medication and surgery. Salivary gland blockages have several causes, and treatments are based on those causes, states WebMD. The causes include tumors, stones, cancer, cysts or Sjogren's syndrome, while some blockages are also caused by viruses and bacteria.

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If the cause is a stone or a similar blockage, treatment for removal of the stone can include sour candy, warm compresses or removal of the stone to increase the flow of saliva, reports WebMD. If these measures do not remove the blockage, surgery may be needed.

Surgery is used in cases of benign and malignant cancers and sometimes large cysts, states WebMD. Some benign tumors are treated with radiation to prevent the tumors from coming back. The cancerous tumors are usually treated with radiation and chemotherapy.

Sjogren's syndrome is an autoimmune disease in which a person's immune system attacks the salivary glands, and the glands become swollen on both sides of the mouth, WebMD explains. This is usually a painless syndrome and is often treated with medication for dry mouth. In less serious cases, if the blockage is caused by bacteria, malnutrition or dehydration, it can often be treated with medications. The most common medication used to treat a bacterial blockage is an antibiotic.

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