Sacroiliac joint pain involves the joints between the spine and the pelvis. The sacrum consists of the five fused vertebrae that are at the base of the spine and between the iliac bones, which are the two largest bones of the pelvis. According to MedlinePlus, the major reasons for pain in this joint include muscle tightness, pregnancy, arthritis, differences in leg length, worn cartilage and trauma.Continue Reading
MedlinePlus recommends that individuals suffering from sacroiliac joint pain rest their injury and apply ice for 20 minutes at a time to the lower back or buttock, two to three times daily, to reduce swelling and pain. Heat helps to reduce tight muscles that are sometimes responsible for the pain. The pain often responds to massaging the muscles around the joint. Over-the-counter pain relievers, such as ibuprofen, acetaminophen and naproxen, help relieve the pain.
When conservative care measures and physical therapy do not bring relief, a physician may order a steroid injection. The injection helps to reduce the patient's dependence on pain medication. Reducing the pain with an injection sometimes eliminates the need for surgery, according to the UC San Diego Health System. The injection requires the patient to check into an outpatient surgery center. If the therapy helps the pain temporarily, the patient's doctor often recommends repeating the injection.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases
Sacroiliitis is a condition in which the sacroiliac joints, the joints that connect the pelvis and lower spine, develop inflammation, according to Mayo Clinic. It can cause pain in the buttocks, in the lower back and down the legs.Full Answer >
Buttock pain is normal during the third trimester of pregnancy due to pregnancy hormones that loosen joints in the pelvis and the additional weight, according to Healthline. The uterus grows larger, presses on the sciatic nerve, and causes buttock and hip pain. Patients ease the pain by applying heat.Full Answer >
Facet arthropathy refers to degeneration or arthritis of one or more facet joints located on the spine, according to Back.com. The most typical symptom of facet arthropathy is a sharp pain confined to one part of the spine that is exacerbated by movement.Full Answer >
A pars defect of the lumbar spine refers to a stress fracture of the pars interarticularis, a small section of bone that joins the joints of the vertebrae in the back of the spine, according to OrthoInfo. Another name for the condition is spondylolysis, and it is common among young athletes who participate in sports such as football and gymnastics. The main symptom is lower back pain, which mimics a muscle strain.Full Answer >