Parents typically treat the symptoms of RSV in infants by increasing fluids, clearing nasal passages with a bulb syringe, using vaporizer and administering infant, non-aspirin fever reducers, according to WebMD. Because it is a virus, no medication can treat RSV. Severe cases may require hospitalization for symptom management.
Symptoms of RSV, which stands for respiratory syncytial virus, often mimic those of a cold. An infant may have a fever, nasal congestion, coughing, decreased appetite and wheezing, notes the American Lung Association. A physician can diagnose RSV and determine the severity of the symptoms.
At home, rest, fluids and comfort help a baby with RSV recover. A cool-mist vaporizer adds moisture to the air to moisten nasal passages and make breathing easier, says WebMD. Saline drops in the nasal passages help remove the sticky mucus caused by RSV. If the parent uses a fever reducer, the product should be designed for infants, and proper dosing must occur.
Close monitoring of the RSV symptoms is often more critical in at-risk infants, such as those who are premature or have health problems relating to the heart, lungs or immune system, reports the American Academy of Pediatrics. RSV sometimes develops into a more serious condition such as pneumonia. Certain at-risk infants may receive RSV antibodies to reduce the risk of pneumonia. If an infant is hospitalized due to complications from RSV, the treatment course may include IV fluids, oxygen and medications to improve breathing, according to WebMD.