Rosacea is a chronic skin condition that is not contagious, tends to be genetic in nature, and has no cure, according to WebMD. Rosacea causes redness, swelling and small, red, pus-filled pimples on the face.
Rosacea affects 14 million men and women in the United States, as of 2015. It primarily affects people of Irish, Scandinavian, Scottish, Welsh or eastern European descent, explains dermatologist Julie Anne Winfield to WebMD. Rosacea affects all ages, but is commonly found in people between the ages of 30 and 50. If left untreated, it can potentially become disfiguring.
Rosacea also commonly affects middle-aged women with fair skin, according to Mayo Clinic. Rosacea typically develops gradually as redness on the forehead, cheeks, chin or nose, and in rare cases, affects the neck, chest, ears and scalp. In advanced cases, some of the symptoms may include watery and bloodshot eyes, burning skin sensations and a red lobulated nose. Rosacea can at times be mistaken for acne or other skin conditions.
Though incurable, there are treatments that reduce and control the symptoms and signs of rosacea, such as topical and oral antibiotic agents. These treatments help reduce inflammation lesions and the amount of facial redness, flares, burning and itching caused by rosacea. Laser therapy is also another form of treatment that is used to improve the skin and reduce the redness caused by the condition.